This page includes the Title III Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). Click on each question to access the answer. You may also access the FAQs as a stand-alone document below:
Title III, Part A, is officially known as the Language Instruction for English Learner (EL) and Immigrant Students Act (Section 3102 of ESSA lists the purpose of the law). The overarching purpose is to ensure that EL students, including immigrant children and youth, attain English language proficiency and meet the same challenging state academic standards that other students are expected to meet.
The Local Education Agency (LEA) must use Title III funds to supplement state language instruction educational programs, designed to assist EL students’ achievement goals. The state educational agency (SEA), LEAs, and schools are accountable for increasing the English proficiency and core academic content knowledge of EL students.
Any Local Education Agency (LEA) enrolling one or more English Learners (ELs) during the previous school year qualifies for a Title III subgrant. However, under Title III, Part A [Section 3114 (b)], subgrants less than $10,000 may not be made to individual districts. Individual districts that do not meet the $10,000 threshold may join together to form a consortium in order to achieve the Title III, Part A Limited English Proficient (LEP) minimum $10,000 grant award.
The minimum number of English Learner (EL) students needed to meet the $10,000 benchmark is approximately 112 (number of EL students multiplied by per a student amount). This number can change within any given year and LEAs should contact the Bilingual Multicultural Education Bureau for the current numbers. The members of a consortium choose the fiscal agent by consensus. The fiscal agent is responsible for all fiscal transactions of the consortium (filing of the application, requisitions, purchases, and payments) and for maintaining records of all financial transactions carried out on behalf of the Title III consortium.
Title III requires that funds available under a subgrant be used to supplement the level of federal, state, and local funds that, in the absence of such availability, would have been expended for programs for English Learner (EL) students and immigrant students and in no case to supplant such federal, state, and local funds. That is, supplement means “to add to” and supplant means “to take the place of” or “instead of”.
For example, if a particular activity was paid for using non-federal funds, or other federal funding such as Title II, then the same activity this year cannot be paid for using Title III federal funds. State-mandated activities must be paid for using state funds first.
Can Title III funds be used to support sending personnel to English Learner-specific professional development (PD) by paying for substitute teachers or extra-pay if the training is held outside the hours specified in the employment contract?
Maybe. The PD must be supplemental and should not violate the “Supplement, not Supplant” provision of Title III, Section 3115 (g). Also, see Title III, Section 3115 (c)(2)(D) to ensure PD is of “sufficient intensity and duration”.
No. Assessments of identified EL students are required by the State of New Mexico and the use of Title III funds would not be allowable. These assessments include, but are not limited to, initial English language proficiency screener assessments (W-APT) to identify the student as EL or annual English language proficiency assessments (ACCESS for ELLS 2.0).
Yes, if purchases are approved in the Title III local plan. However, purchases are still required to follow the New Mexico Procurement Code policies. If purchases are over $60k, they will require an Invitation for Bid (IFB) or Request for Proposal (RFP) as well as posting in the Sunshine Portal, if applicable. Please review NMAC 188.8.131.52 Purchasing “Each school district shall establish and implement written policies and procedures for purchasing which shall be in compliance with the Procurement Code, Section 13-1-21 et seq., NMSA 1978.
Note: for non-professional services between $20,000 and $60,000, the District/School should solicit no less than (3) businesses via written requests containing the specifications for the procurement.
No. State BMEP funding is part of the operational state funding that is awarded to districts, so utilizing Title III federal funds to support Bilingual programs would be considered supplanting. Activities such as Spanish spellings bees, as well as any Professional Development that is specifically for dual-language programs are not allowable under Title III. State Bilingual Multicultural Education Program (BMEP) funds should be utilized for any BMEP activities as set forth in approved BMEP applications. For more information on BMEPs, please visit the Public Education Departments BMEP page.
Mileage and per diem reimbursements are allowable if the approved activity is Title III allowable and approved. Title III funds can be used to reimburse for mileage and per diem as long as the State of New Mexico (state) or the district’s travel policies are followed. New mileage rates are posted every January 1st and the state will only allow up to 80% of the approved internal revenue service rate.
For example, if a district reimburses their employee’s .60 per mile, but the state only allows 80% of the approved mileage rate, the state will approve the more restrictive rate. So, if the state allows .45 per mile, but the district only allows .40, then .40 will be approved for reimbursement. The same rules will apply with approved per diem amounts.
Please note: reimbursements should either be actuals (requiring receipts) or per diem, but not both. State travel policy:
Purchase Orders should be prepared and approved before materials/supplies are ordered. NMAC 184.108.40.206 (A):
(A) Requires that each school shall establish and implement written policies and procures for purchasing which shall be in compliance with the Procurement Code, Section 13-1-21 et seq., NMSA 1978.
Non-compliance with state purchasing requirements places the District/School at risk for fraud or misuse of public funds. Purchase order initiation is not sufficient for ordering materials/supplies. Purchase orders must be approved as required per district/school policy and state guidelines and regulation.
The Title III Program Director should complete a local plan amendment form and submit it for approval. Once approval has been received, the transfer request will be completed in the Operating Budget Management System (OBMS) and the approved (signed) amendment form will need to be attached.
The travel must be pre-approved in the Title III local plan. The following documents should be attached to the Request for Reimbursement (RfR) for approval:
- The travel request
- The travel authorization
- Mileage charts or map
- The meeting agenda
- A copy of the employee reimbursement check
- A copy of the approved purchase order
Yes. Carryover of Title III funds is allowed. Under the federal Tydings Amendment, Section 421(B) of the General Education Provisions Act, 20 U.S.C. 1225(b), Title III funds are awarded to the subgrantee for use within a 27-month grant period. Local Education Agencies (LEAs) have a maximum of 15 months to expend and obligate current-year funds from as early as July 1 of any federal fiscal year through September 30th of the subsequent year, or the funds will be reallocated. LEAs have an additional 12-month carryover period extending from October 1 through September 30 of the succeeding fiscal year. Funds not obligated within the Tydings period of the 12 months must be returned through the New Mexico Public Education Department to the U.S. Department of Education (Tydings Amendment of General Education Provisions Act, Section 76.709 of Education Department General Administrative Regulations).
Special education services, as identified in a student’s Individualized Education Plan (IEP), must be provided with eligible non-Title III funds. However, supplementary EL services may be provided to improve the instruction of ELs with a disability. (Title III, sections 3115(d)(7) and 3115 (g).)
State laws 22-23-4 NMSA 1978 and 220.127.116.11 NMAC require the Bilingual Multicultural Education Bureau (BMEB) to:
- Issue rules for the development and implementation of bilingual multicultural education programs.
- Administer and enforce the provisions of the Bilingual Multicultural Education Act [22-23-1 NMSA 1978].
- Assist school boards in developing and evaluating bilingual multicultural education programs.
The BMEB monitors and evaluates districts and schools in two ways. On-site visits are conducted to assess how districts and schools monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of their own EL program and services, including the use of Title III supplemental program funding. This process includes document review of student cumulative files (including parent notification, parent engagement, evidence of program), lesson plans and other artifacts and documents. Further, during on-site TAFM visits, program directors, principals, and/or parents may be interviewed regarding the district/school’s programs.
Additionally, desktop monitoring and evaluation of the effectiveness of district and school EL program and services is also conducted through a review of the following data sources:
- District/school data as reported in STARS
- English language proficiency data from the WIDA ACCESS for ELLs©
- Fiscal documentation from OBMS, BARs, and RfRs
- If applicable, documented concerns of parents, community, and others, including complaints from the OCR.